The IPU resolution – Democracy in the Digital Era and the threat to Privacy and Individual Freedoms – is a direct response to mass surveillance of the global population, where government institutions have run amok in the absence of effective democratic oversight and other safeguard mechanisms.
The resolution was adopted on the 21st of October during IPU’s General Assembly in Geneva – by parliamentarians from 166 countries, both in government and in opposition – building on important work, including the UN resolution on The right to privacy in the digital age, the Necessary and Proportionate Principles, the findings of UN’s Special Rapporteur on the promotion and protection of freedom of the right to freedom of opinion and expression, as well as the work of numerous other experts and civil society organisations.
The right to privacy is a highlighted as a fundamental aspect of civil and human rights and any meaningful democracy.
The resolution calls for “all legislation in the field of surveillance, privacy and personal data” to be based on “principles of legitimacy, legality, transparency, proportionality, necessity and the rule of law“.
Parliaments are urged to “prohibit the interception, collection, analysis and storage of personal data” and the need for “secure and uncompromised systems of communication for the public good and the protection of basic rights” is affirmed.
The appointment of UN’s Special Rapporteur on Privacy is welcomed and the resolution calls on the IPU to start a dialogue with the Special Rapporteur, as well as calling on parliaments to “ensure that their respective governments cooperate fully with the United Nations Special Rapporteurs” on privacy and on the promotion and protection of the right to freedom of opinion and expression.
Read the full text here.